Mille Lacs County Second Amendment Josh Bredzman.jpg

Josh Bretzman, pictured during a target practice session in Garrison, hopes the Mille Lacs County Board of Commissioners will take up a local effort to prevent the enforcement of any new gun laws.

T.A. LeBrun Union-Times Contributing Editor

For most of us, sitting around talking politics doesn’t amount to much more than heated discussion or attendance to a local caucus.

But for a group of young men in Mille Lacs County, talk of politics, specifically of gun control, has led to a grassroots effort to declare Mille Lacs County a Second Amendment sanctuary.

A group called “Mille Lacs County for 2A Sanctuary” has begun an initiative, similar to one which recently passed in Roseau County, to prohibit the enforcement of any new gun laws that will infringe upon Constitutional rights.

A Second Amendment sanctuary refers to states, counties, or localities in the United States that have adopted laws or resolutions to prohibit or impede the enforcement of certain gun control measures perceived as a violation of the Second Amendment.

Those measure include universal gun background checks, high capacity magazine bans, assault weapon bans, and red flag laws.

“A few weeks ago a few friends and I were discussing politics,” said Josh Bretzman, of Garrison, a key organizer of the group along with his brother, Dustin, and two others. “The conclusion was we need to stop discussing politics and start acting.”

The group asserts this language from the Second Amendment: “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.”

As interpreted, that language found in the Second Amendment is a Constitutional right, and includes bearing arms as a means of defense against a tyrannical government.

The idea stems from cities such as San Francisco declaring themselves “sanctuary cities” for illegal immigrants.

“Firearms are our last line of defense against criminals or a tyrannical government,” added Adam Thorsbakken, another key player in the local movement.

“If you think we cannot defend ourselves with just ARs (Armalite Rifle Co.) and AKs (Avtomat Kalashnikova) against the government and we should get rid of them, I would like to remind everyone we have been fighting a war against terrorists using AKs since I was in high school,” said Bretzman, referring to an argument that has been made against the possession of such firearms.

For Shawn Dobey, who has also been instrumental in the effort, upholding the Second Amendment has generational importance.

“Generations of family heirlooms get passed down through the years,” Dobey said. “It’s important to us that our country honors not only our Second Amendment rights, but our family history and traditions so we can pass them down for generations to come and teach firearm safety, respect and responsibility.” The group members stated they want to gain momentum before “Minnesota becomes Virginia.”

It is likely the DFL-majority in the Minnesota House will propose new restrictive laws such as expanding background checks for gun purchases and “red flag” laws that allow courts to temporarily remove guns from people found to be a risk to themselves or to others.

Josh Bretzman presented the possible resolution at a recent Onamia town hall, hoping District 15A Sen. Andrew Mathews (R-Princeton) and District 15A Rep. Sondra Erickson (R-Princeton) would lend an ear.

The two lawmakers did lend an ear as they had done in January with Sherburne County residents who looking for action on the issue.

A letter was drafted by both legislators and submitted to the Mille Lacs County Board of Commissioners asking them to consider a resolution to create a Second Amendment sanctuary.

A similar letter was submitted to Kanabec County commissioners with the additional signatures of Republican District 11 Sen. Jason Rarick and District 11B Republican Rep. Nathan Nelson.

The letter to Mille Lacs County commissioners from Erickson and Mathews stated the following: “Anti-Second Amendment legislation has been making headlines across the nation. With this national backdrop, we respectfully urge the Mille Lacs County Board of Commissioners to consider adopting language that would make the county a Second Amendment sanctuary county.”

Erickson and Mathews stated in their letter that nearly 400 counties across the United States have adopted laws or resolutions to prohibit or impede the enforcement of certain gun control measures that would violate the Second Amendment, including universal background checks and bans on modern sporting rifles.

In addition to counties, several states have also taken steps to protect the Second Amendment rights of their citizens.

“As legislators, we are committed to working hard to protect and fortify the Second Amendment at the state level,” Erickson and Mathews stated. “In the meantime, we encourage you, Mille Lacs’ leaders, to provide leadership at the county level by upholding the Second Amendment rights our shared constituents enjoy thanks to our cherished Constitution.”

The lawmakers concluded with the following: “Your response to our request to make Mille Lacs County a Second Amendment sanctuary is eagerly anticipated. Please let us know if we can assist in any way, including providing draft language that can serve as a model for local implementation.” Erickson said the House Republican minority will not support any form of gun restriction, and the party’s majority in the Senate previously blocked such bills, so it is unlikely a resolution will be needed locally.

Largely symbolic?

Many state that the effort to declare counties a Second Amendment Sanctuary is largely symbolic effort associated with a county sheriff. However, this is a gray area. The office of the sheriff is not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution and is an elected one rather than appointed which creates a great deal of autonomy.

Others claim that local gun control hinges upon sheriffs’ interpretations of the Second Amendment.

A number of sheriffs say that laws are not “one size fits all” and that they have the responsibility to push against what they see as the federal or state governments’ encroachment on their citizens’ lives and rights and that it is their duty to defend the Constitution.

Mirya Holman, an associate professor of political science at Tulane University who has studied the attitudes of hundreds of sheriffs around the country, stated in a recent NPR article that elected sheriffs have extraordinary freedom to pick and choose which laws to enforce.

“They have an enormous amount of autonomy,” Holman said. “I’m not sure that there is another office that is a common office that has anywhere like the level of autonomy that sheriffs have.”

Other experts point to a 1997 Supreme Court decision, Printz v. United States, in which the court held that the federal government couldn’t compel sheriffs to provide background checks under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act.

Those who ideologically oppose the concept of a sheriff’s autonomy say that the issue will eventually be decided in court if a sheriff doesn’t uphold the law and an act of violence occurs as a result.

When asked about a possible Second Amendment sanctuary county resolution, Mille Lacs County Sheriff Don Lorge said he gets a lot of surveys about gun issues.

“I don’t respond to them as groups use responses [from sheriffs] for political gain; however, I am very pro-gun,” Lorge said.

Lorge added that he gave an oath to uphold the laws in place. “I think it’s ridiculous to fight against the laws, and at the same time, I don’t think they’ll take our guns away,” he said.

However, Lorge added that he would never participate in an effort to knock on doors and take anyone’s guns away from them.

“I have no qualms saying I’m pro-gun. I will never give up my gun; it’s my Second Amendment right,” Lorge added. “If death is the reasoning they’re [anti-gun groups] give for getting rid of something, they’ll have to start with motor vehicles as they are responsible for more deaths than gun violence.”

Moving Forward

The Mille Lacs County for 2A Sanctuary group created a Facebook page in late January of this year. They ask residents to call their county commissioners with feedback on a possible resolution.

“It’s a way of life and history,” Bretzman said, referring to the individuals involved in the movement.

He added: “We start small shooting BB guns at pop cans, learn how to use a rifle deer hunting, shotguns with waterfowl, and sport shooting to see how far or how many clay pigeons we can shoot. Some even go on to the military with a strong sense of protecting and preserving the constitution.”

The new movement represents equal opportunity, Thorsbakken added. “The Second Amendment was made for all Americans regardless of race, religion, sexual preference, employment, or income.”

T.A. LeBrun is the editor of the Mille Lacs Messenger and covers county government for the Union-Times. She can be reached at

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